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FAQs

What is the relationship between diabetes and gum disease?

High blood glucose levels can lower your body’s germ-fighting ability and can make gum disease worse. Gum disease can contribute to a rise in blood glucose levels.

What is the difference between hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia?

Hyperparathyroidism causes hypercalcemia. Hyperparathyroidism is an abnormal condition of the parathyroid glands. When the four parathyroid glands release excess amounts of parathyroid hormone, this pulls calcium from the bones and increases calcium levels in the blood.

How is diabetes managed?

Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are controlled with strict attention to diet and exercise, and taking medications and/or insulin. Home and office tests are used to monitor levels of sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood, followed by appropriate steps to control these levels.

What is the difference between a thyroid nodule and a goiter?

A thyroid nodule is a (usually benign) growth within the thyroid gland. A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland itself.

How much calcium do I need to prevent osteoporosis?

The National Academy of Sciences recommends the following daily intake:

  • Men and women, aged 9 to 18 years: 1,300 mg per day
  • Men and women, aged 19 to 50 years: 1,000 mg per day
  • Pregnant or nursing women up to age 18: 1,300 mg per day
  • Pregnant or nursing women 19 to 50 years: 1,000 mg per day
  • Men and women, aged over 50: 1,200 mg per day

Dairy products like yogurt and cheese are excellent sources of calcium. An eight-ounce glass of milk contains about 300 mg of calcium. Other calcium-rich foods include sardines with bones and green leafy vegetables like broccoli and collard greens.

How long can I take Hormone Replacement Therapy?

The FDA recommends using HRT for the shortest possible length of time. On average, a woman takes HRT for 3 to 5 years.

Is rest the best approach to beating fatigue?

Actually, it’s not! Inactivity contributes to feelings of fatigue, whereas regular exercise helps alleviate it.

How many calories do I need to burn to lose a pound of weight?

You need to burn 3,500 calories more than you consume to lose 1 pound. This translates into a reduction of 500 calories per day to lose 1 pound in a week, or 1000 calories per day to lose 2 pounds in a week. This can be accomplished by eating fewer calories or using up more through physical activity.

Why are pituitary disorders so hard to diagnose?

Pituitary disorders can cause a wide spectrum of symptoms, both hormonal and neurological. Diagnosis can be difficult because it’s often confused with other disorders. A combination of symptoms, signs on examination, blood tests and MRI findings are often used to make a diagnosis.

What are some of the diseases or medical conditions that can be mistaken for Cushing’s disease?

Cushings’s disease symptoms may resemble the following: obesity, depression, diabetes, hypertension, or menstrual irregularity.

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