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Thyroid disorders

Thyroid disease can occur when one has too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism), too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) or thyroid masses (benign nodules or thyroid cancer).

Hypothyroidism is very common and can lead to symptoms of fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, and emotional distress. Hyperthyroidism can happen at any age, and can be due to Graves’ disease, toxic nodular goiters, or thyroiditis. Hyperthyroidism can also happen with excessive doses of thyroid hormone medication. Symptoms can include tremors, weight loss, hair loss, emotional distress and palpitations which may be a signal of irregular heartbeats or cardiac arrhythmias.

Thyroid nodules are lumps of abnormal tissue in the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules can be solid, or solid and fluid filled, or only fluid filled. Nodules are very common. Fortunately, nodules are not usually serious and do not usually cause symptoms. Most nodules are small and not noted on examination, although some can grow to be very large and compress the windpipe or trachea. In some cases, nodules can cause production of too much thyroid hormone and cause hyperthyroidism. A small minority of nodules are thyroid cancer.

Let our team of experts evaluate, diagnose, and treat your thyroid condition with a complete assessment including laboratory studies of thyroid function. Thyroid anatomy can be assessed with ultrasound, and thyroid cancer risk can be evaluated with ultrasound guided needle aspiration. We can employ the latest genetic testing to gauge cancer risk and guide follow up of thyroid nodules.